‘Coughs and sneezes spread diseases – trap your germs in a handkerchief.’ This slogan was first used during the 1918-20 influenza epidemic. Other earlier measures and problems are reminiscent of our own corona virus problems.
Medically speaking November has never been a good month. Consider some of these reports from Leeds in the 19th century.
- 1st December 1832 a lengthy cholera outbreak came to an end after the town suffered 1,817 cases almost half of which were fatal.
- 4th November 1849 a bye law preventing hackney carriages carrying people suffering from Typhus fever led to a court case when a child was illegally carried to The House of Recovery.
- 10th November 1854 scarlet fever outbreak created a plea for schools to close.
- 18th November 1865 a doctor reported where some areas had ‘victims of fever with dead bodies allowed to remain in confined room with scores of visitors paying their last respects’
In the Leeds Intelligencer of 14 December 1801, it was reported that ‘…. there was also a leading article advocating the establishment of a House of Recovery in Leeds in which it is mentioned that in Manchester, as the result of an institution of this kind, the number of fever-patients was reduced during the first year from 2,880 to 1,759 and there was a decrease of 400 burials during the same period (but we do not know whether there had been a decrease in other places without such an institution).’
L0025314 A man in a canteen queue, coughing or sneezing over food to
Credit: Wellcome Library, London. Wellcome Images
A man in a canteen queue, coughing or sneezing over food to the disapproval of those around him. Lithograph after H.M. Bateman.
By: Henry Mayo BatemanPublished: [194-?]
Copyrighted work available under Creative Commons Attribution only licence CC BY 4.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
It is noteworthy that Leeds survived and thrived these and other infectious problems. Much of the control was locally generated resulting from local diagnosis and intervention.
Stay alert hands, face, space.
John Tucker Mugabi Sentamu retired as the Archbishop of York on 7 June 2020. The Archbishop of Canterbury the Most Reverend Justin Welby’s confident Stephen Cottrell was then appointed to be the 98th Archbishop of York, the second most senior cleric in the Church of England.
The Archbishop of Canterbury now announces that he is taking a four month long sabbatical in his french home for ‘spiritual renewal’. He was scheduled to take a sabbatical in summer 2020 when presumably John Sentamu would have stood in his place. Now it will be Stephen Cottrell who will act as interim Archbishop of Canterbury less than a year after his last promotion.
John Tucker Mugabi Sentamu was successfully adopted by many as a Yorkshire man. Despite his successful tenure in York his rightful place as a Peer in the House of Lords has been withheld and he was not ennobled on retirement as expected. There are 794 peers in the House of Lords including sportsmen and spouses of the former prime minister but just 12 are Black.
The Church of England has been conspicuous in its failings under Welby’s reign. Who remembers financial issues, investments such as Wonga, sexual improprieties with lack of openness to say nothing of poor leadership during this year Covid crisis.
What a shame it is not John Tucker Mugabi Sentamu who will be interim Archbishop of Canterbury. Maybe Justin Welby should stay in France sine die.
York Minster and Garden
The Church of England and the House of Lords join a list of public organisations that demonstrate a lack of self-knowledge, realism and accountability. As we often say when things seem bad they are generally worse.
Basis Yorkshire Ltd – is one of those invaluable ‘hands on’, smaller charities that work with sectors of society that do not attract a great deal of charitable support. Its work is not helped by nimby protesters against Leeds legal red light zone in Holbeck
‘The charity’s principal activity is the protection and preservation of good health of women and young people who are, or who are at risk of becoming involved in prostitution in the city of Leeds. Information on the charities own web site or get contact details from Charity commission reg no.1120350.
‘Helping with outreach in Holbeck – offering hot drinks, food, condoms and a friendly conversation – is my small way of making an active contribution to Basis’ incredible work. It is one thing to talk about an important cause, it is quite another to go out and meet the people you want to support’. A Current volunteer
Frank Brangwyn was a multifaceted artist-craftsman who created murals, posters, oils, watercolours and furniture, textiles, ceramics, stained glass and prints.
Among his significant body of work are many items in the Scarborough art collection.
Commissioned to produce posters to support the War Bonds Campaign Brangwyn created many poster designs during the first World War. Many were given free of charge to charitable groups such as the Red Cross, National Institute for the Blind St Dunstan’s Hostel for Blinded Soldiers and Sailors , Belgian and Allied Aid Leagues and others. In 1918 his poster above ‘War Bonds 1’ was issued by the National War Savings Committee, and described as ‘one of the most vicious posters that the war produced’ it was toned down slightly with’ War Bonds 2′ using landscape proportions and different expressions.
Dr Elizabeth Horner, the leading authority on his work, curated an exhibition of posters from the Harrogate Mercer Art Gallery collection in 2014 which led to the production of a well illustrated book ‘Brangwyn’s War – Posters of the First World War.’
Brangwyn borrowed uniforms of British and German soldiers from the Imperial War Museum to ensure accuracy.
John Atkinson Grimshaw (JAG)
Whitby Looking South 1883
FlicrAttribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)
What would an artist want to be remembered for? An appreciation of his or her works irrespective of genre, perceived or intrinsic value? A combination of factors doubtless but that is probably not why they started painting.
JAG is remembered for his northern scenes with wet streets, winter afternoons, moon-lit nights and gaslit docksides. Perhaps we now think of his paintings as representing ‘it’s grim up north’. (but no it’s Grimshaw up North)
JAG died from TB at a relatively early age of 53. As a younger painter he was sponsored by the Leeds Philosophical and Literary Society which still operates as a local charity and helps fund the Leeds City Galleries
Painting fresh air or wet smokey atmospheres for that matter is reminiscent of JWM Turner who was renown for his landscapes and seascapes. Like JAG many of his exceptional paintings were executed in Yorkshire.
Yorkshire born former Bradford Art College student Christopher shares his surname with a Leeds village Bramham cum Oglethorpe.
‘Christopher Bramham new work‘ from jonathan clark fine art available from amazon and others
From an introduction by Sebastian Smee, the Australian-born art critic for the Washington Post, we learn about CB’s fascination with Henri Matisse and his work from his Nice period around 1919.
CB’s next friend to be referenced in the introduction is Lucien Freud along side his strong 1989 portrait at the start of the book. He also offers up a useful quote from LF ‘nothing is so insignificant that you can’t trouble over it’, a mantra I should take to heart in my artistic endeavours.
Lessons from CB’s drawing shown in the 50 or so photographs includes the use of a variety of hatching, coloured light and withholding to emphasise shine, opacity and texture in addition to modelling. I particularly like the extended pages that show detail that highlights to me the variety of texture CB generates.
I am new to CB’s work but found the style and attention to detail very much to my taste. I will be looking out for examples of his work in the Yorkshire galleries.
Yorkshires new archbishop Stephen Cottrell and his grace’s
God bless us all, an’ mak us able
Ta eyt all t’ stuff ‘at’s on this table…
We thank the Lord for what we’ve getten:
But if mooare ‘ad been cutten
Ther’d mooare ‘a’ been etten…
American solders billeted at Catterick during WWII reputedly used the following bible belter:
Lord, we know without a doubt
you’ll bless this food
as we pig out.
Here’s to thee proud Yorkshire wish a hapeth of potato and a penerth of fish available from Fry Tucks and other spoofy chippies.
1st August 2020 could be renamed locked down ‘West Riding Day’ where you can’t even meet in your own garden.
During the first lockdown we missed 2 funerals, our golden wedding cruise and our grandsons 4th birthday. Just when we ‘thought it was safe to go out’ our three planned socially distanced events were zapped by the new regulations.
Still Happy Yorkshire Day