Archive | Seven Wonders of Yorkshire

Man made wonders from the centuries and seven or several natural wonders of God’s own county

Seven or More Yorkshire Cathedrals and Minsters

Top Cathedrals for age and Architecture

1.York Minster Cathedral and Metropolitical Church of St Peter is the Mother church of the Province of York AD 627.

2. Ripon Cathedral Church of St Peter and St Wilfrid AD 655.

Parish and modern Cathedrals

3. Bradford Cathedral Church of St Peter 15th century

4. Leeds Roman Catholic Cathedral Church of St Anne

5. Wakefield Cathedral Church of All Saints consecrated AD 1329

6. Sheffield Cathedral Church of St Peter and St Paul  + like Liverpool with a second cathedral the 7. Roman Catholic Cathedral Church of St Marie

8. Middlesbrough  Saint Mary’s Roman Catholic originally Cathedral Church of Our Lady Of Perpetual Succour

Minster Churches not Cathedrals?

  1. Beverley Minster Parish church of St John and St Martin
  2. Dewsbury Minster All Saints Church
  3. Marsden St Bartholomew’s church
  4. Halifax Minster West Riding
  5. Howden Minster was owned by monks from Peterborough Abbey in Saxon times
  6. Leeds Minster and Parish Church of Saint Peter-at-Leeds
  7. All Saints Church, Rotherham, also known as Rotherham Minster,
  8. Doncaster Church of St George, Doncaster, also known as Doncaster Minster.

Significant or Greater Churches Network

Southwell Cathedral and Parish Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary prior to the dissolution of 1539  was a Minster in the diocese of York.

  • Bolton Abbey
  • Bridlington Priory
  • St Peter’s Church, Harrogate
  • Holy Trinity Church, Hull newly promoted to a Minster church on 13th May 2017
  • Selby Abbey

The greater church network aims to help former monastic properties and others  large parish churches built at a time of great wealth. They have common problems of financing facilities for a large number of visitors and the specialist maintenance and repair of old or large buildings.

Fascinating Facts about Yorkshires Newest Minster

  • Holy Trinity Church,Hull needed a £4.5m renovation  and the Archbishop Dr John Sentamu revealed it would become Hull Minster if the funds could be raised.
  • The largest parish church in England was newly promoted to a Minster church on 13th May 2017
  • Holy Trinity’s  mother church is All Saints in Hessle just up river.
  • The church was built in the 1300s, after King Edward I granted the former settlement  a Royal Charter for Kings Town upon Hull
  • It is the oldest brick-built building in the country still in use foor it’s original purpose.
  • Anti-slavery campaigner William Wilberforce was baptised at the church
  • The church now houses beer festivals and other activities to help raise the funds for refurbishment.
  • During World War One, the church was bombed and damage by fire and in  World War Two it became a  flight marker for the German aircraft looking to bomb the docks and city.

 

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7 Man Made Wonders of Yorkshire – Ribblehead Viaduct

Ribblehead boys (Gherkin, Wimsey, Wonky and Pickle)

Ribblehead is somewhat remote boasting only a railway station a few houses and The Station Inn. The teddybears may have a bit of a wait before they can start their picnic.
Located at the head of the River Ribble, the viaduct is firmly located in the Yorkshire Dales National Park and the hearts of many railway enthusiasts.

Ribblehead Viaduct and Weather

Ribblehead Viaduct Sunset
The Ribblehead Viaduct at sunset and behind it to the right Whernside one of the three peaks and the highest point in Yorkshire. It looks like it has been drizzling for a shortwhile but the puddles should dry up by September before it starts to rain.
A light dusting of snow can be expected in May and June but for real snow you need to visit in February or any month with an R in the name. Continue Reading →

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Yorkshire’s Shard or Emley Moor

Emley Moor transmitting station near Huddersfield is still the UK’s tallest structure in Yorkshire at 1083 feet 330.5 metres for those who have been metricated (Ouch)! It beats Bilsdale mast Helmsley by 54 feet and is 4th in our overall UK communication masts.

Drax power station near Selby is a massive 850 feet, not bad for a chimney.
The Shard is (only) 1016 feet tall but is the highest occupied commercial building in Europe. The Shard has 96 stories but Emley Moor broadcasts this many more stories every day.
Canary Wharf and One Canada Square is now dwarfed into third place at a meager 770 feet.
Shard London Bridge

Emley Moor Transmitting Station

The original 443 ft (135-metre) lattice tower was erected in 1956 to provide television broadcasts for Granada and ABC TV to the Yorkshire area. Most of Yorkshire is still covered by Emley Moor transmissions of radio and TV.

In 1964 the original mast was replaced by a taller ‘guyed mast’ that was a massive 1,265 ft tall.

On 19 March 1969 a combination of strong winds, vibrations and the weight of ice that had formed around the top of the mast and on the guy wires brought the structure down.

It was replaced by a new structure consists of a curved pillar 903 feet tall, constructed of reinforced concrete topped by a 180 feet of steel lattice mast which carries the antennae.

See the web site the Fall and Rise of Emley Moor for more pictures, memories and information.

Emley Moor Mast

Also See 7

Castles

Canals

Battles

Dry Stone Walls

Ruined Abbeys

All the posts on seven Wonders of Yorkshire


Photo credits
Shard London Bridge by Dave Catchpole CC BY 2.0 ‘Shard London Bridge or The Shard (formerly known as London Bridge Tower or the Shard of Glass) is a skyscraper in Southwark, London. Standing almost 310 metres (1,020 ft) tall, it is currently the tallest building in the EU. It is also the second-tallest free-standing structure in the UK, after the 330-metre (1,083 ft) concrete tower at the Emley Moor transmitting station.
The Shard replaced Southwark Towers, a 24-storey office building constructed on the site in 1975. Renzo Piano, the Shard’s architect, worked with the architectural firm Broadway Malyan during the planning stage. The tower has 72 habitable floors, with a viewing gallery and open-air observation deck – the UK’s highest – on the 72nd floor. It was designed with an irregular pyramidal shape from the base to the top, and is clad entirely in glass. Shard London Bridge’s structure was completed in April 2012, and it will open to the public on 5 July 2012.’

Emley Moor Mast by ahisgett CC BY 2.0 ‘The TV mast is the tallest freestanding structure in the United Kingdom, but it isn’t as tall as the mast that it replaced in 1969.
I remember when that mast collapsed on the 19th March 1969, because of ice and high wind. We rode up to Emley Moor on our bikes the day after to see where the falling cables had cut right through the local church and felled several large trees.’

 

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Wonderful but Ruined Abbeys of Yorkshire

What did Henry VIII ever do for Yorkshire’s Abbeys?
In our series of seven man made wonders of Yorkshire our great Abbeys did not always get full recognition. This goes some way to highlight the 12th Century and subsequent buildings that Yorkshire now proudly displays as tourist attractions with added tudor history!

Fountain Abbey

Fountains Abbey

Fountains Abbey
Walking through the landscaped Georgian water garden of Studley Royal, complete with neo-classical statues, follies and breathtaking views the magnificent 12th-century abbey ruins will enrapture the first time visitor.
A dispute and riot at St Mary’s Abbey in York during the late 11th century led to the founding of Fountains Abbey by the River Skell in 1132. After pleading unsuccessfully to return to the early 6th century Rule of St Benedict, 13 monks were exiled and taken into the protection of Thurstan, Archbishop of York and the austere Cistercian Order.

Other features to include on your visit to this World Heritage site include Victorian St Mary’s church and the Reading Room in Elizabethan Fountains Hall. Studely park has picnic facilities and herds of deer to watch in this idylic environment.
For more on the seven man made wonder that is Fountains Abbey

Byland Abbey
Byland Abbey
Byland Abbey was one of the greatest monasteries in England and it inspired the design of church buildings throughout the North of England. The early gothic architecture, particularly the west front, with its ruined great rose window, inspired the design of the famous York Minster rose window.

Thw abbey is situated in a quiet spot between Thirsk and Helmsley. There is now a museum that displays colourful visitor information panels together with archaeological finds from the site. Continue Reading →

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Maritime Hull – Man Made Wonder of Yorkshire

Maritime activity around Hull and the Humber estuary combine to produce one of our seven man made wonders of the county. It is no wonder that Hull is the European city of culture 2017. The fishing industry, the docks and boat building are all human endeavors worthy of inclusion in our list. So we have combined them to form just one of our seven wonders.

Hull Maritime Museum
The maritime museum contains many man made artifacts of Hulls links to the sea. Even the Victorian building itself has round windows reminiscent of portholes or gun holes up near the roof.

old hessle docks
The great fishing industry was built by man and decimated by Iceland and the European Community. There are still many mementos of this great industry and a lot of cod and haddock delivered to some of my favourite fish and chip shops.

Hull Barrier

When you take a large ferry out of King George dock to the continent you must go through a sea lock that demonstrates the power and majesty of water coupled with the ingenuity of man. The large and weighty car ferries have only inches clearance at either side of the lock but these massive ships are lifted and lowered by the water with seemingly little effort.

The Deep

Tourism linked to the maritime past is now a growth industry for Hull. The Deep is very attractive as a spectacular marine aquariums. To see 3500 fish just go over the footbridge from Hull Marina. (Sorry fish are not man made until they are fried).

Boston Wayfarer LT508 Sidetrawl at Hull / Hessle c.1965

This fishing boat was built as a side trawler about 50 years ago. It is probably still in use in Africa were it was fishing in 2008.

Also See 7

Castles

Canals

Battles

Dry Stone Walls

Ruined Abbeys

All the posts on seven Wonders of Yorkshire

Photo Credits
Hull Maritime Museum by Phil Beard CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
old hessle docks by leondz CC BY-ND 2.0
Hull Barrier by Neil T CC BY-SA 2.0 ‘Another view of the Hull Barrier. It’s a huge structure because tall ships have to pass under it – most of the bridges on the river either swing open or lift up to allow them through’
The Deep by drgillybean CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
Boston Wayfarer LT508 Sidetrawl at Hull / Hessle c.1965 by Sheffield Tiger CC BY 2.0 ‘Boston Wayfarer at Hull. Built 1965 at Hessle for W.H.Kerr & Co Bostons,she was sold in 1981 to South Africa and reregistered L404, according to reports was still fishing in 2008’

 

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Salts Mill Seven Man Made Wonders in Yorkshire

For another in our series of the ‘7 man made wonders of Yorkshire’ we float between the river Aire and the Leeds Liverpool canal. Beside the River Aire is one half of the enormous edifice of Salt’s Mill at Saltaire and 100 yards away across the Leeds Liverpool canal sits the other more significant half of the former Victorian Mill.

Saltaire

Facts about the Old Salts Mill

It was built in 1853 by Titus Salt hence the name! It formed part of a groundbreaking model village which included houses, churches, meeting halls and other community buildings but no public houses or licensed premises. Titus Salt and his Mill provided better working conditions for mill employees than most other textile factories and he was an exemplar of the paternal Victorian mill owner.

When it was first built it was Europe’s largest factory employing 3000 workers. One of its largest rooms was on the sixth floor and it even has stone flagged flooring. Measuring 600 feet in length, the room, known as The Shed, was where hundreds of workers turned out miles of cloth each day on large weaving machines.

Modern Uses of Salts Mill

The Mill by the river was converted into a large office block for NHS North Bradford Primary Care Trust marketing and administration – well why use a hospital as a base.

After the textile industry declined the Mill became redundant by the 1980s. Pace electronics built a good electronics business in the mill at Saltaire. The largest part of the mill complex was bought by the late Jonathan Silver and his vision saw it transform into a cultural and commercial complex. There are several shopping zones and even a place for Early Musical instruments but the major coup was setting up the 1853 Gallery and capturing the work and imaginbation in the David Hockney Gallery.

Aire I saw elba

Also See 7

Castles

Canals

Battles

Dry Stone Walls

Ruined Abbeys

All the posts on seven Wonders of Yorkshire

Credits
Saltaire by alexliivet CC BY 2.0
Saltaire Village
Welcome to Saltaire BD18
David Hockney Bradford Tree Painter

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Canals – Seven Man Made Wonders in Yorkshire

Economic prosperity through the ages has relied on movement of goods and Yorkshire has been blessed with good transport links. The Romans built a good road network and we still retain the A1 to this day.
Rail and air links moved us into and from the industrial revolution but when man made our rivers navigable and augmented them with canals we were ‘hot to move forward’.

Leeds Liverpool Canal at Gargrave

Are Acts of Parliament Man Made?

It makes you wonder but in delving into the history of Yorkshire rivers and canals I came across some old Acts of Parliament.
Act 1. In 1699 an act was passed creating the Aire-Calder Navigation and allowing a toll based on tonnage to be taken. By 1704 improvements to the rivers above Knottingley were completed when the Aire was made navigable to Leeds and the Calder to Wakefield. This involved the construction of 16 locks.

Act 2. The promoters of the Leeds – Liverpool canal applied to Parliament to carry out the work of linking Liverpool with Leeds and Bradford by canal. In 1770 an Act was passed which allowed the building of a canal between Leeds Bridge and North Lady’s Walk in Liverpool and empowered the raising of £260,000 in shares.

Thus two waterway improvements were enabled by act of parliament but were man made transportation facilities built on skilled water engineering.

2010-06-03 040 Leeds-Liverpool Canal, Keighley

Coast to Coast by Water

Aire Calder navigation & Leeds Liverpool Canal – I know a bit of the canal runs through that other funny county and the Aire Calder navigation is largely rivers. Never-the-less the man made actions helped Yorkshire achieve strong trading links with the world during the industrial revolution.
It was and is still possible to get from the North Sea to the Irish Sea the first Coast to Coast

Aire and Calder Navigation, above Lemonroyd Lock
The navigation carries a fairly large number of sand-barges and tankers hence the need for such large locks. Lemonroyd is the last lock on the Leeds Arm,lowering boats onto the River Aire towards Castleford.
Coal, limestone and iron ore was carried in boats called Tom Puddings which were lashed together in long trains and pulled along by a tug.

Photo Credits
Leeds Liverpool Canal at Gargrave by Andrew Middleton CC BY-NC-SA 2.0
2010-06-03 040 Leeds-Liverpool Canal, Keighley by martyn jenkins CC BY-NC-SA 2.0
Aire and Calder Navigation, above Lemonroyd Lock by Tim Green aka atoach CC BY 2.0
Leeds, Aire & Calder navigation by razmal8 CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

Leeds, Aire & Calder navigation
Leeds Bridges and waterside apartments.

The canal is now a mecca for tourists and holiday makers. The spur off to Skipton castle bustles with pleasure craft. The tow paths make good walking and unfortunately easy cycling.

skipton 029

Also See 7

Castles

Canals

Battles

Dry Stone Walls

Ruined Abbeys

All the posts on seven Wonders of Yorkshire

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York – Top of the Seven Man Made Wonders of Yorkshire

What is it about York that makes it such a wonder? Which part of York would feature in any list of seven man made wonders of Yorkshire?
These questions are too hard to fathom so York, with its own seven wonders and more, tops or nominations as one holistic ‘wonder’ city.

York Minster

York’s Own Seven Man Made Wonders

The Walls are a wonder to wander around.
The Minster is exceptional in age and beauty and even has seven craftsman made, stained glass wonder windows.
The selection of Old Churches around the City includes several that have been re-purposed where necessary.
The Railway Station is a Victorian master piece. There must be seven wonders of Railwayana as well as the main station.
The Museums and historic visitor attractions are generally of excellent quality worthy of lists on their own.
The Viking relics and Yorvic are examples of how York has protected and embellished it’s architectural heritage
The Snickleways with pubs at either end and in the middle. Need I say more?

York gargoyle

Some of the older residents of York have had their faces commemorated by the stone masons of the City in the gargoyles that you can see on buildings and in the Yorkshire museum.
It can be fun for the kids to find the carvings and associate them with their teachers, neighbours or family members. I may be up there with the many ghosts that are talked about by York’s wondering minstrels.

york end 2011 010

The bridges are an essential part of York. The crossing point on the Ouse was one of the main reasons the Romans chose York as a northern base for their empire. This photo was taken from Kings Reach where the road and pub often flood after rain in the dales.
The bridges now allow the boat hire companies to ply a colourful trade for tourists.

Clifford Tower

Clifford Tower is generally photographed with dancing daffodils in the foreground but the none man made sky was too good a picture to avoid.
On ghost walks Cliffords Tower is the centre of many gory tales.

York wall

This section of the wall is near Peasholme and shows part of the construction that is covered with embankments of soil elsewhere on the walls. The walls do not extend quite all the way around the city but you can walk any gaps or use the Bars (gates) to access the centre.

Rose Window in York Minster
If you are still in doubt about Yorks place at the top of our seven man made wonders I suggest you try to count the pieces of glass in the Rose Window shown above by ‘Rose Window in York Minster by countrygirlatheart’CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 who says
‘The York ‘Rose Window’ is one of the most dramatic and famous in Northern England, appearing almost modern yet in fact a composition designed in 16th century to celebrate the marriage in 1486 of King Henry 7th and Elizabeth of York. This marriage finally brought to an end the ‘Wars of the Roses’ that had divided British feudal nobility in war between 1450 and 1485, thus linking the House of Lancaster to the House of York and bringing about peace. (Henry 8th was son of this union). The central sunburst motif was added by William Peckitt of York in the late 18th century, it being the badge of the House of York.’

More pictures of York Railway Station

Also See 7

Castles

Canals

Battles

Dry Stone Walls

Ruined Abbeys

All the posts on seven Wonders of Yorkshire

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Seven Man Made Wonders of Yorkshire – Fountains Abbey

Fountains Abbey (44)

Our World Heritage Site at Fountains Abbey is the UK’s largest monastic ruin and a fine start to our seven wonders of Yorkshire. It is the most complete example of Cistercian abbey remains in the country.

A riot at St Mary’s Abbey in York led to the founding of Fountains Abbey in 1132. After pleading unsuccessfully to return to a more devout form of worship based on 6th century Rule of St Benedict, 13 monks were exiled and taken into the protection of the then Archbishop of York. He provided them with a site in the valley of the little River Skell described as a place “more fit for wild beasts than men to inhabit”.

Fountains Abbey thrived and the economic power was felt far and wide with activities including farming, lead mining, quarrying and horse breeding. I bet the monks never thought of tourism that is today’s main activity alongside a herd of deer. Then a series of mishaps including bad harvests, Scots raids, and the Black Death exacerbated by the effects of financial mismanagement saw a significant downturn in the abbeys fortunes. By the time of Henry VIII and the dissolution of the monasteries in the 16th Century the abbey started to loose its power.

Fountains Abbey

Studely Royal

In 1767 the ruins were sold to William Aislabie, who landscaped the site and added a folly and improved water gardens that form the basis for Studley Royal.
The man made building and rebuilding over the centuries has resulted in a mosaic of architectural styles.
To become a world heritage site Fountains abbey displayed the criteria of being ‘a masterpiece of human creative genius, and an outstanding example of a type of building or architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates significant stages in human history’.

Octagon Tower at Fountains Abbey

Also See 7

Castles

Canals

Battles

Dry Stone Walls

Ruined Abbeys

All the posts on seven Wonders of Yorkshire

Bird Watching another Seven Wonders of Yorkshire

    • The walls of its ruins act as a cliff face for a colony of nesting Jackdaws. Fountains is also one of the best spots in the North of England for some of our song birds smallest birds. Hawfinches can be seen in winter months and waterfowl on the lake all year round.
    • Between April- July Find yourself a quiet spot just beside the Abbey and watch out for Goldcrests, Coal Tits, and Great Tits.’
    • Studely park is owned by the National Trust and contains mature parkland and deciduous trees and the water features.

churches

Photo credits
Fountains Abbey (44) by roblz.com CC BY-NC-SA 2.0
Fountains Abbey by flying_tiger CC BY-NC-SA 2.0
Octagon Tower at Fountains Abbey by and in 9th place.CC BY-NC-ND 2.0.
churches by dvdbramhall CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 ‘By St. Mary’s, Studley Royal, in the Deer Park adjacent to the grounds of Fountains Abbey, North Yorkshire. The church was built between 1870 and 1878, The architect – as at Skelton on Ure – was William Burges.’

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Seven Yorkshire Castles

We are not a war like race but Yorkshire folk have long stood up for what is right. Sometimes it has been necessary to stand inside a castle to repel t’other side and here is a selection of Yorkshire Castles. All are worth a visit and repay a bit of study of their history.

Scarborough Castle
Scarborough Castle
The headland was a signaling station from the 4th century and used by Romans as part of their coastal defences.
The unauthorised castle was built by William le Gross in the 12th century and rebuilt by Henry III.
George Fox the founder of the Quakers was imprisoned in the castle in 1665.
The castle was in use until bombed by the Germans during World War I.

Skipton, Grassington & Pateley Bridge
Skipton Castle
This was a fortified house and is in a good state of repair. The open sections date from 12th century.
From the 14th century the Clifford family took up residence. After it was seiged and damaged during the civil war Lady Anne Clifford restored the castle.
There are a large number of doors leading from the courtyard and children like to play in the area.
The church of Holy Trinity has a slab giving the Clifford genealogy and this is also worth a visit.

Richmond Castle
Richmond Castle
The castle is the oldest stone built castle in England which is maintained and owned by English heritage.
The remains are of a Norman castle the building of which commenced 1071 overlooking the river Swale.
The keep was added to the castle in the 12th centurywith walls of an amazing eleven feet thick.
The castle keep rises to a height of over 100 feet and can be seen from many local vantage points.
During World War I the detention cells were used to house conscientious objectors.

Middleham Castle
Middleham Castle
Built to replace a motte and bailey castle formerly on William’s Hill, Middleham castle was built in 12th century. A chaple was added in the 13th century with other additions through to 15th century.
Richard III was based at the castle when it was used as part of the government for Northern England.

Conisbrough Castle
Conisbrough Castle
See Conisbrough-village-and-castle

Pickering Castle
Pickering Castle
Visit Pickering via the North Yoork Moors Steam railway to start your historic trip.
The castle was started in the 11th century and wooden palisades were replaced during the 1220’s
The 15th century gatehouse is now a ruin but the Diate Hill and Rosamund’s towers can be seen with a postern gate to the inner bailey.
St Peter & St Paul church provides a historical backdrop to the castle and Pickering.

Bolton Castle
Bolton Castle
Started in 1379 Bolton Castle near Hawes in Wensleydale was a more comfortable castle than earlier designs. It is now one of the best UK examples of 14th century architecture in a secular building.
Mary Queen of Scots was imprisoned at Bolton in 1568.

Photo Credits
Scarborough Castle by Ingy The Wingy Scarborough Castle by Ingy The Wingy CC BY-ND 2.0
Skipton, Grassington & Pateley Bridge by dvdbramhall CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
Richmond Castle by Ambersky235 CC BY-ND 2.0
Middleham Castle by rofanatorCC BY-NC-ND 2.0
Conisbrough Castle by James.Stringer CC BY-NC 2.0
Pickering Castle by James.Stringer CC BY-NC 2.0
Bolton Castle by davesag CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

 

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